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A report on the 19th International Industrial Engineering Conference.

 | Post date: 2024/05/15 | 
A report on the 19th International Industrial Engineering Conference.
The 19th International Industrial Engineering Conference was held on Thursday, May 16, 2024 at Amirkabir University of Technology. Here's a summary of the key points discussed at the conference:
The chancellor of Amirkabir University of Technology stated that emerging technologies are being added to the curriculum to assist students in finding employment. Dr. Alireza Rahaei, the head of the university's public relations, mentioned that at the conference, it was emphasized that the main theme of recent years has been focused on the development of a knowledge-based economy. He highlighted the importance of industrial engineers' presence at the conference and stressed the significance of knowledge-based production in Iran's economy.
Rahaei emphasized the importance of public participation, stating that investors, managers, and opinion leaders can contribute to production in a way that stabilizes the country's economic situation. He also mentioned the positive collaboration between various government sectors and universities in the field of knowledge-based industry, expressing hope for further development in research and industry cooperation.
The chancellor of Amirkabir University of Technology noted the positive activities in knowledge-based industries, such as the establishment of innovation and development funds and investments in this area. He highlighted the need to reduce administrative bureaucracy in these activities to promote the establishment of new companies and create sustainable employment opportunities. Rahaei stressed that the development of knowledge-based industries would lead to improvements in production, welfare, and overall satisfaction of the people, ultimately benefiting the country's future.
Head of the 19th Industrial Engineering Conference:
AI market to reach a trillion dollars by 2030/ the need to support infrastructure development

The head of the 19th Industrial Engineering Conference and the head of the National Development Fund emphasized the need for investment in developing infrastructure related to artificial intelligence, saying: The market for this technology will exceed a trillion dollars worldwide by 2030.
Dr. Mehdi Ghazanfari referred to artificial intelligence in the field of industrial engineering at the 19th two-day conference and stated: The root is science, philosophy, logic, and mathematics, and other sciences have emerged from these fundamental sciences. When artificial intelligence was introduced, it surpassed all and, like an umbrella, encompassed all sciences.
The head of the National Development Fund continued: Any concept that can be formulated mathematically can also be expressed with artificial intelligence.
A trillion-dollar AI market
Ghazanfari referred to the global AI market and said: The AI market will cross the one trillion dollar mark by 2030 in the world. Today, the United States, China, Japan, and Germany rank first to fourth in terms of market share.
He continued: National wealth funds usually invest in this area, and five national wealth funds in neighboring countries have invested $22 billion in artificial intelligence. The Norwegian National Wealth Fund, as a model in many ways, has invested $138 billion alone in artificial intelligence technology in the semiconductor industry, AI startups, and cloud computing platforms.
Ghazanfari emphasized the importance of AI-based startups and said: Startups should be made regional and international to grow, they should be supported and facilitated to become larger.
Former Industry Minister noted: The UAE National Wealth Fund has invested $15 billion and the Qatar National Wealth Fund half a billion dollars in this area. Therefore, various countries are seriously researching and investing in this area as the most important strategy. We expect artificial intelligence to have a significant impact on countries' gross value added by 2035 and add up to 2 percentage points to this index.
Ghazanfari said: Artificial intelligence can also have a significant impact on industrial outputs, for example, turning cars into electric and smart vehicles, and no country is immune to these changes. Artificial intelligence affects domestic gross production in two ways: it increases productivity and changes the nature of work.
He emphasized the investment of various companies in the field of artificial intelligence, stating: Key technologies in the fourth industrial revolution include artificial intelligence, the Internet of Things, virtual and augmented reality, industrial automation, blockchain, and robotics.
Distinguished culture secretary of the nineteenth International Industrial Engineering Conference also added in the opening of this conference: This conference is being held after a two-year hiatus due to problems in registering the Iranian Industrial Engineering Scientific Association.
He continued: The title and general content of the conference have been selected based on current topics and revolutionary developments, smartification, and data-centricity are the general theme of this event.
Fasih, referring to the Fourth Industrial Revolution and its establishment in various countries, said: If serious attention is not paid to the development of infrastructure, we will lag behind in business development and scientific achievements. For example, Japan has allocated $3 billion for the development of AI infrastructure and human resource training, South Korea has allocated $7 billion for AI by 2027, and Saudi Arabia has created a fund with $40 billion for AI, and according to the Deputy of Science, Technology, and Economy of the Presidential Office, this year, 5 trillion Tomans have been allocated for AI development in Iran in the predicted budget, which is equivalent to $110 million.
He emphasized: If we fall behind in infrastructure, we will also fall behind in businesses. These conferences should address these issues. We have several specialized sessions on data-centricity in new businesses, data-centricity in the steel and mining industry, and data-centricity in the payment industry to ensure coordination among experts from various fields.
This two-day conference is organized by the Industrial Engineers Association at Amirkabir University with the presence of experts, industry owners, university professors, and students in various related fields.

Dr. Abbas Ahmadi, the head of the Faculty of Industries at Amirkabir University, also expressed his welcome to the professors and stakeholders at the opening ceremony of this conference: The chosen theme for this conference is in line with the slogan of the year and the technological developments of the country.

Head of the National Productivity Organization:
Energy wastage and aging; the two main crises of the country in the next 10 years

The head of the National Productivity Organization said: The level of energy wastage and aging are the two main crises of the country in the next 10 years; we rank first in the world in the energy intensity index and need to think about improving the situation.
Mirsamaneh Pishvayi referred to the growth of production in the nineteenth two-day Industrial Engineering Conference at Amirkabir University and added: If we cannot achieve this growth by five percent in a decade, we will not be able to compensate for the lag of the 90s.
He continued: Based on upstream documents, the production growth in the 90s should have been at least eight percent, but it averaged one percent, and the productivity growth, which is part of the production growth, has even been minus six-tenths of a percent, so we need to do something to compensate for the previous lag.

Referring to the activities of other countries, Pishvayi said: For example, Malaysia had a productivity growth of over three percent at the same time. While in the field of production growth, the main hope is in productivity, which should be achieved through improving productivity, for economic growth, besides improving productivity, we have no other way due to the lack of investment. Productivity is also the expertise of industrial engineering.

He continued by giving a few examples: Last year, at the peak of winter consumption, we were consuming 750 million cubic meters of gas per day, while Russia's total exports to Europe are 350 million cubic meters, and we were consuming twice as much gas. Or out of 125 million tons of agricultural products, today 25 million tons are wasted in the supply chain, meaning the food of 18 million people is wasted. While for this amount of products, we use 9 billion cubic meters of water, which is the total drinking water consumption of the country.

CEO of the Small Industries and Industrial Towns Organization of Iran:
60% of the country's employment is owed to small and medium-sized enterprises

The CEO of the Small Industries and Industrial Towns Organization of Iran stated that the world's approach is no longer to create large companies but to move towards networking small and medium-sized enterprises. He said: These companies play an important role in the gross domestic production growth of countries due to their high power in employment, income generation, and entrepreneurship.

Farshad Moghimi, in the nineteenth Industrial Engineering Conference, referring to the importance of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Iran, considered these types of industries to include small, medium, and small-scale industries, and added: 97% of the country's industrial units are classified as small industries, and 60% of the country's employment is owed to small and medium-sized enterprises.
He mentioned that 7 to 9 percent of the gross domestic product is related to SME activities, noting: Out of the 71,000 industrial units that received licenses from the Ministry of Industry, 67,000 units are considered small-scale industries, and 2130 units belong to large-scale industries.
Moghimi announced that SMEs account for 99.2 percent of Japan's economy and 99.6 percent of Germany's economy, and he reminded that small and medium-sized industries play an important role in entrepreneurship, employment, and income growth because these units have characteristics such as high power, knowledge density, job creation opportunities, high entrepreneurship power, and creating a competitive economic environment.

The CEO of the Small Industries and Industrial Towns Organization of Iran, referring to the current structure of industries in the world, stated: Creating large companies is no longer on the agenda in the world; countries are moving towards networking, which is why the creation of large enterprises is no longer observed, as Japan gradually separated its activities from large industries and handed them over to small companies.