Principles of Medical Imaging

(Department)  Biomedical Engineering         (Division)       -
 (Level and Major) bachelor

Course Title                   Principles of Medical Imaging
Number of Credits       3             Prerequisite Physiology - Anatomy
Lecturer -

Course Description -
 Course Goals and Objectives
In this lesson, the student is introduced to the medical imaging position and the types and uses of imaging methods.
Course Topics        
1. Introduction
Introduction and History
1-2-Medical Imaging Position
1-3 - Classification of types and applications of imaging methods
4-4 Image Basics and Criteria (Contrast, Noise, Resolution)
2. X-ray imaging
2.1 How to produce X-rays
2.2 X-ray interaction with matter
2.3 X-ray detectors
Image quality and the amount of snapping
3- Computed tomography (CT)
The concept of cross-section
3.2.2 Methods of image reconstruction
3.3- CT equipment
Nuclear medicine
4-1- Radioactive substances
4.2 Medical detectors
4.3- Gamma camera
4-1 PET
5. Magnetic resonance imaging
Physical Principles: Magnetic field effects on protons in the body, Fardy's induction law
5.2- Comfort times T1 and T2
5.3 Magnetic resonance phenomenon
The concept of pulse sequences and basic sequences
Image weighting
5.6 Gradient fields
Imaging and the concept of space k
6. Ultrasound
6-1- How to propagate and interact with the sound wave
6.2- Generation of acoustic waves: Piezoelectric phenomenon
6.3 Doppler phenomena and how blood flow is measured
How to generate an image
Reading Resources
1-         Bushberg, Jerrold T., and John M. Boone. “The Essential Physics of Medical Imaging”. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2011.
2-         مقدمه‌ای بر تصویرگری پزشکی‌: فیزیک، مهندسی و کاربردهای بالینی. مؤلفان: نادین اسمیت، اندرو وب. ناشر: دانشگاه صنعتی شریف، موسسه انتشارات علمی. مترجمان: مهدی کفائی، محمدمحسن گودرزی،13

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