Physics of the Human Body

(Department)  Biomedical Engineering         (Division)       -
 
 (Level and Major) bachelor
 

Course Title                   Physics of the Human Body
 
Number of Credits       3             Prerequisite Physics 2 , Physiology , anatomy
 
Lecturer -


Course Description -
 
 Course Goals and Objectives
 
The purpose of this course is to understand the physical laws governing the body and to understand how it interacts with the outside world, which in addition to better understanding of the human body, contributes to the development and development of medical technologies and related equipment.
 
Course Topics        
 
 
1- Body Mechanics:
 Static in the body (upper and lower limbs and spine), Preliminary kinematic and dynamic study of human movements (walking, running, types of jumping, throwing a ball), mechanical properties of the body (bone, muscle tissue, joints)
2. Metabolism - Energy, Heat, Work and Power:
 Main ATP Sources, Basal Metabolism, BMR Measurement Methods, Body Power Generation, Energy Conservation, and Ways of Heat Extraction (Conduction, Convection, Radiation, Evaporation)
3. Cardiovascular Physics:
Cardiac structure, valves and their function, blood and its components, cardiovascular recognition (building and classification), general circulatory system, cardiac physics (cardiac mechanical function, cardiac output and function, heart-volume charts), vascular physics (Factors affecting blood flow and vascular network:
 Blood Pressure and Flow, Hydraulic Resistance, Viscosity, Blood Speed ​​and Branching, Hydrostatic Pressure Effect, Vasodilation
Respiratory tract physics:
Respiratory structure, ventilation mechanism, physical properties of the respiratory system (surface tension, adaptability and time constant of the lungs, chest elasticity, airway resistance, airflow, respiratory system work), respiratory gas exchange and transfer, spirometry : Six volumes and capacities, breathing in abnormal conditions such as altitudes, depth
5. Physics of sound waves, hearing and hearing, speech:
 Physics of sound waves (general characteristics of sound wave, sound intensity, acoustic impedance, crossing layers, absorption and attenuation of sound), ear physics (axial symmetry, auditory duct model, impedance matching and amplification of sound in the middle ear, loudness and sensitivity : Voice Perception), Speech Physics (Voice Generation, Speech)
6- Physics of light, eyes and eyes:
 Eye building (different parts of the eye and role of each), eye physics (fracture power, adaptation, range of adaptation, vision durability, resolution, resolution mechanisms with darkness and brightness, reflection and scattering of light, color vision), physics of light and lenses, defects Sight and fix them
7. Electricity and Magnetism in the Body:
 Electrical properties of cells (action potential: their creation, characterization and propagation), vital electrical signals (electrical activity of muscles, heart, brain, eyes and their recording), biomagnetic signals of human body
 
 
Reading Resources
 
1- Irving P. Herman, “Physics of the Human Body”, Springer, 2016.
2- Martin Hollins,” Medical physics,” Nelson Thornes Ltd, 2001
3- John R. Cameron & Roderick M. Grant, “Physics of the Body”, Medical Physics, 2017
 

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