Applied Biology for Biomedical Engineering

(Department)  Biomedical Engineering         (Division)      Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering
 
 (Level and Major)   BSc – Specialized selective course         
 

Course Title                Applied Biology for Biomedical Engineering                       
 
Number of Credits       3             Prerequisite Cellular and Molecular Biology


Course Description:
This course is one of the applied courses in biomedical engineering that studies embryology, pathology, histology and immunology in the body.
 
Course Goals and Objectives:
Recognizing and becoming familiar with the histology, pathology, immunology and embryology for application in various fields in biomedical engineering.
 
Course Topics:
  1. Embryology of systems in order to form different tissues using different signals including:
    1. Skeletal system
    2. Muscular system
    3. Cardiovascular system
    4. Respiratory system
    5. Digestive system
    6. Nervous system
    7. Eyes
    8. Ears
    9. Epithelium
  2. Histology of structural components and cells as basic information on cell function and communication:
2-1- Epithelium
2-2- connective tissue
2-3- skins
2-4- muscles
2-5- cartilage
2-6- bones
2-7- blood circulation
  1.  Immunology to recognize the most important issue in biocompatibility, namely the immune response to any foreign substance, including topics:
3-1- Immunogenic and acquired elements
3-2- Immunogens and antigens
3-3- Control mechanisms in the immune response
3-4- Cytokines and supplements
  1. General pathology in order to identify the events that occur as soon as any contact of medical engineering products with the body.
    1. Cellular responses to stress, injury factors and cell death as the most important issue    in both identifying disease agents and ways to control them.
    2. Inflammation to recognize the body's reactions to any injury and engineering solutions to control them.
    3. Repair and regeneration of cells as a result of the body's response to injury and the body's strategies to return to normal and their application in medical engineering.
    4. Hemodynamic disorders as an introduction to cognitive blood compatibility.
    5. Neoplasms for modeling them for both immune system evacuation and tissue regeneration with all its requirements.
    6. Infectious diseases for use in areas of immune system evasion in biomedical engineering (advantages and disadvantages).
     
 
 
The course aims to:
At the end of the Applied Biology for Biomedical Engineering course, the student is expected to be able to:
  • Explain the embryology of systems and how different tissues and systems are formed.
  • Recognize signals that affect tissue formation.
  • Describe the types of tissues.
  • Recognize the immune system's response to external factors.
  • Be Familiar with general pathology in order to understand what happens when the body comes into contact with biomedical engineering products.
 
Reading Resources:
  1. Longman, J. "Medical Embryology." Human Development Normal and Abnormal. Baltimore, Williams and Wilkins Company (1963).
  2. Anthony L. Mescher. Junqueira's Basic Histology: Text and Atlas, McGraw-Hill Medical, (2005).
  3. John Hugh Lyon Playfair and Benjamin M. Chain. “Immunology at a Glance”. John Wiley & Sons, (2012).
  4. V. Kumar, Abul K. Abbas, and Jon C. Aster. “Robbins Basic Pathology e-book”. Elsevier Health Sciences, (2017).
 
 
Evaluation (100 total score):
Class attendance and class activity
Project
Midterm exam
Final exam

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